This course is a general survey course spanning some 2000 years of Church history. The course will be split into three historical periods. The first historical period will cover the first century to the mid-ninth century. In this period, we will discuss the Roman Empire, the Christian Persecutions, the Constantinian Era, Christological Controversies, the Papacy, Monasticism, the Iconoclastic Controversy, Charlemagne, and the Carolingian Empire. The second historical period will cover the end of the ninth century to the early sixteenth century. In this period, we will discuss the Reform, the Great Schism in 1054, Monastic Reforms, the Investiture Controversy, the Crusades, the Inquisition, the Great Western Schism, the Mendicant Orders, the Avignon Papacy, Scholasticism, and Humanism. The third historical period will cover from the mid-sixteenth century to the present. In this period, we will discuss the early Reformation, Catholic Reform — Trent, the Enlightenment, the Wars of Religion, Modernity, First Vatican Council, Second Vatican Council, and the Church beyond the Council.